The word ‘attar’ is Arabic and it literally means scent. The practice of extracting and using attars is thought to be over 5000 years old. A true attar is made from flower petals, spices, grasses etc. distilled in water (or sometimes oil). One unique feature of an attar distillation is that no separate condenser is used. The unique aroma of
Within organic chemistry, we find different chemical constituents that make up the functional groups to which chemotypes belong.
A single species of plants can have several different chemotypes based on its chemical composition. A plant such as basil grown in one area might produce an essential oil with a very different chemistry than basil grown in another location.
For example, Basil (estragole
Also known as Chaste tree and Monk’s pepper, Vitex is steam distilled from either the leaves which contain anywhere from 15% – 35% 1,8-cineole followed by 7% – 17% Sabinene or from the seeds which produce a different chemistry – with Sabinene comprising anywhere from 7% – 44% of the key constituents and 1,8-cinelole between 8% – 23%. Often the
Palo Santo is a deciduous tree that grows in the tropical areas of Latin and South America. This tall tropical tree is related to both frankincense and myrrh. It was named by the indigenous people – in Spanish, meaning ‘holy wood’ or ‘wood of the saints’.
The genus Bursera is named after the botanist Joachim Burser, who